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Updated: Mar 23, 2022


Palmier is a French word for Palm leaves. This pastry were invented in France and is commonly made with puff pastry layered with sugar and baked until crisp. The shape of a palmier is undoubtedly made to resemble the palm leaves but a lot of people recognise them as butterflies or elephant ears. Whatever the shape, this French pastry is one of my favourite treat.

In this post, I have shared two part videos: one on how to make puff pastry and the other part on how to use the puff pastry that you have prepared to make the palmier. If you are making the puff pastry from scratch, there will be excess for what you will be needing for this recipe, but you can always choose to make more. If you want to keep the excess puff pastry, roll them to a sheet and between parchment paper to form into a log then wrap and store in the freezer for up to 3-6 months depending on the storage condition of your freezer. (Refer to the Video on Puff Pastry for guideline)

If you are not too keen on making your own puff pastry, you can however, opt to use store bought frozen puff pastry in the frozen section.

If this is your first time and you would like to know more on the tips and tricks on how to make Puff Pastry, you can visit my page solely on Puff Pastry for more insights.



Yield: 20 x Palmiers


500 g Baker's Flour

265 ml Water

12 g Fine Salt

400 g Croissant Butter (For laminating)


630 g Puff Pastry

Qs. Demerara Sugar



For the puff pastry

1. Make the Détrempe. Place all the ingredients except the butter in a stand mixer bowl with a dough hook attachment and mix until they form into a smooth ball. Do not overmix at this point.

Remove the Détrempe from the bowl, gently knead to smooth out the dough, then roll it into a flat rectangle. The kneading time only take about 1 to 2 minutes.

Wrap in cling film and let the dough rest in the fridge for at least 2 hours or preferably overnight.

2. Roll out the butter sheet. Remove the required amount of French Butter from the fridge until it is soft enough to roll.

Roll the butter out between two parchment paper to 20 cm x 25 cm rectangle.

Note: If the butter is too soft at the end after rolling, place in the fridge for a while to firm up slightly. If you are laminating the next day, ensure to remove the butter sheet from the fridge and bring it to the same consistency of the dough before the lamination process.

3. Lock in the butter and do the First and Second 'Single Fold'

Roll the Détrempe to a 40cm Length x 25 cm width. Place the butter on one end of the dough, then fold the other end on top of the butter to "lock in" the butter.

With a sharp knife, cut open the close ends of the dough to allow easy rolling later on. At this point, it doesn't quite matter which way you are rolling, you want to roll the dough out to (25 cm width) x 60 cm (length).

Do the first Half Fold by folding one end of the dough 1/3 of the way to the centre, then fold the other end the dough to fully cover the other side of the dough.

Turn the dough around and roll the dough out once again to 60 cm in length from one open end to the opposite open end, while maintaining a 40 cm in width.

Wrap the dough in cling film and let it rest in the fridge for 30 minutes.

* Mark the dough with Two finger indent. (You now have made Two "Single Fold". You need to repeat this process two more times with two "Single Fold".

Note: Ensure that the two opposite ends that has one folded sides are rolled to width and the two opposite ends that are open are rolled for length.

It is important that you leave your puff pastry in the fridge just long enough so that the dough is not too soft but not too long that they butter has turn solid. This will ensure a even layer lamination. Rolling the pastry when the butter has become solid hard will cause the butter to break during rolling and create an uneven layer of laminations.

4. Third and Fourth "Single Fold".

Repeat step 3. for the third and fourth single fold ending with 4 indents on the dough as a reminder.

5. Fifth and Final Sixth "Single Fold"

Repeat step 4. for the fifth and final sixth "single fold".

Wrap the dough and rest in the fridge for a couple of hours or overnight before use.


If you are not using the puff pastry straightaway, roll them out in to sheet then place a parchment paper over the top and roll the puff pastry to a log with the paper in between to prevent them from sticking. Wrap with food wrap then place in the freezer to store.

Thaw the puff pastry and use. Puff pastry can stay in the freezer for up to 3 - 6 months depending on storage quality.



To make the Palmier

6. Cut out the required amount of puff pastry needed.